AN IRISH ancestry database has now complied over a quarter of a million names that can be used by anyone seeking their Irish roots.
The online Early Irish Birth, Marriage and Death Indexes are compiled and hosted online by the Irish Genealogical Research Society (IGRS), which was founded in 1936 as a response to the destruction of Public Record Office of Ireland in June 1922.
The marriage database was the first established in 2014 with an initial 40,000 names.
Since then the society has launched two additional databases, one for births and another for deaths.
All three have been regularly updated, with the latest bringing the total record count, collectively, to a quarter of a million names.
With so much of the paper trail of Irish family history destroyed in the 1922 Public Record Office fire, the three databases covers records dating prior to 1864 – the year from which general civil registration began in Ireland.
The sources are drawn from a wide variety of records including family bibles, army and navy records, wills, letters, newspapers, gravestone inscriptions, court records, deeds, leases, diaries, published works, archives of religious orders, census abstracts, guild records and pension records.
A significant portion of the latest update was culled from the British Civil Service Evidence of Age Index, with just over 2,600 Irish births, deaths and marriages gleaned.
In applying for a civil service job, in the absence of formal written records, friends and neighbours often provided a sworn statement as to their knowledge of the applicant’s age.
In the case of James Carey, born in Clonoulty, Co. Tipperary, in 1844, his neighbour, Patrick Tierney, writing some 22 years later, confirmed James’ date of birth as 7th January 1844, commenting: “I can declare to same from the fact that my father died on said day.”
The letter is pictured above.
Another source drawn upon for this latest update is Church of Ireland Marriage Licence Bonds.
Roz McCutcheon, IGRS project coordinator, said: “Although generally only the indexes remain to Marriage Licence Bonds, they are nevertheless a primary source, and include a surprising number of Catholic marriages.
“I have recently come across some papers, while cataloguing at the Society of Genealogists in London, which include full abstracts of some early marriages in the Dioceses of Ferns & Derry.
“Thus, whereas the previous entry for the Ferns marriage of Henry Haughton showed him marrying Catherine Cavanagh in or after 1682, the new additional information from the abstracts notes the exact date of the bond was 10th June 1682, and that the couple were both from Co Wexford, that Catherine was a spinster, living at Polemounly, while Henry was from Ballyane.”
Finally, the death index has been boosted too by 3,260 records noted from newspapers.
“It is surprising that newspapers are still a much under-utilised source for biographical information” said Steven Smyrl, Chairman of the IGRS.
“In particular, notices of death become more common from the 1830s onwards as the middle classes begin to grow in strength and numbers”, he said.
“As the months roll on, it is hoped to add many more entries to the database culled from newspapers, proving that despite the great loss of 1922, there still remain many untapped sources for Irish genealogists to explore”.